Making Your Project
There's no guaranteed way to assure yourself
of winning, but there are some things you can do that will improve your
chances. First and foremost, you should have fun doing your science fair
project as well as learning about the world around you. If your project
is not fun, not something you like doing, it will be difficult to make a
winner out of it. What you need to do are the following:
1. Pick Something You're Interested In - It's hard to have fun
working on a project you think is boring, and you won't learn much from
a project you really don't care about. So the most important step is to
pick a project that you really want to do, and one you can get
enthusiastic about completing. Don't pick a project just because you
think it looks easy, or because you have a friend that did the same
project last year. What's more important to
the judges is your ability to demonstrate that you understand your
project and that you have researched the issues and are knowledgeable of
the scientific and technical facts that relate to your project.
2. Don't wait until the last minute to start your project -
To have a winning project you have to spend quite a bit of time
thinking about how it should work and planning out how to do it. Winning
projects are NOT ones you throw together at the last minute thinking the
judges won't notice how skimpy your research is. How long a project should take depends on the
project itself. Some you might be able to do in a week or two, others
will require a month or more if done right. You need to have plenty of
time to research background references and read about your topic, plenty
of time to plan and do you experiments, and even some extra time built
in just in case you need to repeat experiments that get ruined. And even
after the research and experimentation is over, you need time to prepare
both your written report and your display for the fair itself.
3. Do the Work Yourself -
There's nothing wrong in asking for
help. Other people can certainly share resources with you, advise you
about how to set up the experiment, even show you how to complete some
tests. But while others can advise you, make sure that you do the work
yourself, and write your own reports. Doing the work yourself will give
you a much better understanding of how things work and why or why not
your experimental results turned out the way they did. And remember...
when the judges are at your exhibit, asking questions about your
project, your friends won't be there to explain what was in a reference
book you listed in your bibliography, your parents won't be there to
explain why one part of the experiment was altered, and your teachers
won't be there to explain why certain substances may have been
substituted for others and why the experiment is still valid despite the
substitution. When the judges are standing there, quizzing you, YOU have
to know those answers, and the best way to learn them is to have done
the work yourself.
4. Don't Get Upset If Your Hypothesis Is Incorrect -
purpose of an experimental science fair project is to see IF a certain
hypothesis is correct, not to prove that you were right. When you state
your hypothesis you are saying, "I think this will happen, based on
my research." But there are many factors that can cause a
hypothesis to be incorrect, and sometimes, some of the most important
discoveries are made because a hypothesis was wrong, not right. It's
more important to understand what DID happen in your experiment that to
have had a hypothesis proven.
5. Keep Accurate Records From Beginning to End
- After your
project is completed is NOT the time to go back, relying on memory and
trying to construct a project data book. Get yourself a set of 3x5 cards
or a spiral notebook and keep accurate notes from the very first day.
Good notes demonstrate your consistency and thoroughness to the judges
and will be invaluable in helping you prepare your final report.
6. Prepare An Attractive, Informative Display -
attractive display makes it easy for the judges and visitors to examine
your project and the results you achieved. Avoid the temptation to cram
too much information into too small a space, which makes your display
look cluttered and confusing. Pick out the 4 or 5 most important parts
of your project and use them as heads which should stand out more boldly
than the rest. If you have them available, make liberal use of colorful
graphs and pie charts as a means of displaying your data in a form that
is quickly understood.
7. More Tips For Your
Display: Most display boards are of the 3-panel version, but you should check
well in advance to make sure that your display is correctly presented
and sturdily constructed. Your display should not be flimsy and prone to
collapsing or falling over. Make sure you observe the size limitations
and follow all appropriate safety rules when preparing your display. Any
required forms will have to be displayed so plan room for them right off
Good luck on your project!!!
Do's and Don'ts
in Adobe Format
You have worked too hard and come too
far to let the spelling slide! Make sure you get it right! If your project is in
the final running, this could eliminate you, so make sure to spell every word
Confusing "affect" with
"effect" is a common mistake in a lot of science fair projects.
Unfortunately, mistaking the proper form of the word is most noticeable when it
is used in the title of your project. The
rule that applies in most cases is as follows: If you are using the word as a verb,
then "affect" is the correct spelling. If you are using the word as a noun,
then "effect" is the correct spelling.
It's okay to express a little
creativity in your graphics and fonts, but don't overuse fancy unreadable fonts
in your project. It makes it hard for the judges to read and they don't have a
lot of time to spend on your project. Make your fonts crisp, clear, and easy to
There are 3 panels to just about every
science fair board; the left, right, and center. When designing your project,
try to make sure that the title of your project stays within the center panel
and doesn't extend into the left and right panels. This is called
"wrap-around" and can be visually distracting to the viewer.
Situations"- Lay It Out First!
Make sure to lay out all
of the pieces you are going to glue on the board before you glue them. This is
so important! Once those pieces are glued... you are stuck! It's also a good
idea to experiment with a variety of different layouts before deciding which is
best. Get some help from adults. What looks good to you might not look as good
to others. Get opinions from friends, family members, aunts, uncles, even your
dog, Fideaux. It is also a good idea to put your best "eye-catching
stuff" in the center panel. Did you hear that? Put your best stuff in the
you decide, make sure all the pieces fit on the board before gluing or you will
be in sticky situation and well, you'll be stuck!
I have absolutely no scientific
reasoning for this but, use glue instead of tape. I can only rely on my past
experience with this so listen carefully. Tape just looks bad. I have no idea
why, but every project that I have seen that uses tape just does not look as
good as it can be. This judgment holds true for all types of tape. Masking tape,
scotch tape, electrical tape, duct tape, tape on the corners, tape on the edges,
tape in front, tape behind... all looks bad. Trust me. Don't use it! "Yeah,
but you can't see the tape behind". It looks bad. Trust me. If you need to
use tape on the models you are designing, then by all means... DO. Just
use it sparingly and exercise good judgment.A final
word about glue. When using glue, it is important to use the right amount. You
don't want your glue to drip or "ooze" from under the pages. Elmer's
glue sticks seem to work the best. They keep the pages you glue from wrinkling,
don't result in drippage, and for the most part, secures the pages fairly well.
The old saying, "pictures are worth a thousand
words" speaks volumes in science fair projects. Pictures look great! No
question about it. If you want your project to shine, use pictures wherever
possible. They catch the attention of the viewer, help you to fill up your board
space, and demonstrate to the judges exactly what you did.When using pictures,
it is important to plan ahead. Have a good camera and let an adult help you
"frame" your pictures accurately. Also, if you are doing an experiment
that involves several days (called a longitudinal study), be sure to allow time
to get your pictures developed. If you elect to use pictures (and I hope you
do), lighting and focusing are very important or they can diminish the impact of
your project. In other words, do your pictures justice and DO THEM WELL! Also,
refer to the other secrets on this list when laying out your pictures on the
As oxymoronic as this sounds... it's true. Following
the same lack of scientific evidence as Secret #6, using construction paper to
wallpaper your board just doesn't look good and isn't a good idea. Fancy
backgrounds on web pages are distracting to the visitor especially if there is
content that needs to be read. Think of your project as a web page. You want the
judge to be able to read what you did without getting sunburn from the blast of
colors you have used to wallpaper your board. For this reason, stick with the
basic board colors that have been given to you. Black and white science boards
work best. You can still use lots of color without sacrificing the "whitespace"
that you have been given (see the next secret for a full explanation of "whitespace").
"Whitespace" is the amount of space on your
board that is unused after your project is done. This is another reason to lay
out all of your pieces before gluing because if you find that you don't have
enough "stuff" to put on your board, you still have time to add pieces
or enlarge the pieces that you have. Whitespace is one sure way to bore the
viewer. If there is a lot of whitespace on your board it can possibly mean two
things. One, your pieces are so small that it cannot be read unless using a
magnifying glass, or two, you just don't have enough "stuff".
To Avoid Boredom
Placing a piece of colored construction paper behind
your 8 1/2" x 11" piece of paper will make a nice border helping the
pieces stand out. Now, I know you are thinking, "Yeah, but you said
construct without construction" and you would be right. But here, the
difference is that you are using construction paper to accentuate your pieces
rather than wallpapering your project board with construction paper. The borders
created by doing this measure no more than a couple of centimeters and make your
project look good. The colors you choose are up to you. All colors look good for
the most part, but if you want to take it step further, using color themes
(discussed in next section) make projects look even better. The same rule holds
true for web designing as well. Go figure.
So, what exactly are color themes? Color themes are two
or more contrasting colors used throughout a project that compliment each other
adding to the overall aesthetic value of the project. What? Look at this way...
if you are a female student, you most likely choose colors to wear that kinda
sorta match, right? Boys, well, they just throw on anything to look cool, so
they will have to work a little harder at understanding this. Colors look good
because they contrast each other. You wouldn't think of wearing a bright orange
shirt with pair of navy plaid pants because the colors clash with each other.
Take a look at some of your parent's grade school pictures and you will see
exactly what I mean. The 1960's and 70's were notorious for color mismatches.
Black, white, and grays pretty much contrast any color and are safe to use as
your additional colors. The point is to try to do this as best as you can in
designing your project. Coloring your board a burnt orange, then using blue
paper with pink titles is like wearing plaid pants with an orange shirt. It just
We are now in the year 2006 and just about everyone has
access to a computer and word processor. If you plan ahead and I know you are
because you are reading this right now, then plan to type every piece of your
project. With the exception of drawings and sketches you should be typing
everything! This includes graphs, which can be done through a spreadsheet
program. Imagine a businessman who has to make a presentation at his company
board meeting. He explains to the board members that his printer broke down the
night before and he had to hand write his presentation. Only, the writing is a
little hard to read so he asks all the members to put on their eyeglasses and
huddle close together next to his presentation board to see it. My guess is that
this guy will be out of a job the next day! Remember, this page is designed for
those who want their projects to be in the "elite" category. So, on
that note, make sure to type everything! You don't want the judges huddling
together with magnifying glasses to see the work you have done because they will
have just about as much patience as those board members.
I have always been known as a straight shooter,
so...can I be straight with you? When gluing your pieces on your board, make
every effort to make them straight. Now, if your plan is to glue them at
different angles, then fine. That variation can work well and there are many
projects where offsetting angles are the intent. But, there are also many
projects where the titles and pieces are intended to be straight and they are
crooked! I will simply tell you that if your intention is to make them straight,
then GET IT STRAIGHT!
This is a minor thing, but still worth mentioning. Try
to find a catchy title. "A Phosphate Worse Than Death"
capitalized on the expression, "A Fate Worse Than Death" and was quite
catchy. "The Truth About Paper Towels" is also interesting. Try
to avoid titles that are too long, which can be used in the problem statement
instead. Make your title clear and to the point and if at all possible, make
them "catchy". Remember, the title can be in the form of a statement
or a question.
Re-invent The Wheel...
...unless of course, your project is on wheel
invention...LOL. No, what I mean is that you don't have to necessarily find
something that has never been done before. You may elect to take a topic you've
seen in fairs and do it a different way. This goes along the lines of what I
said in the previous secret. Use the resource links to generate ideas. Once you
find something you like, do it differently or do it better. The winners that
were selected from last year's fair were not chosen because they did
something that no one had ever done. They were chosen because of the evident
work and time they put into it and their ability to apply scientific thought as
well as the scientific method. Most of the projects that won last year
demonstrate at least six weeks worth of work. If you try to do this the night
before it's due, you will not be successful.
So, the key is to work hard on the topic that you choose and remember that it is
not so important to re-invent the wheel, unless of course your project is on...,
oh, forget it, you get it. :-)
In the end, it all comes down to science. Your ability
to apply scientific thought, reasoning, and concepts is what will inevitably
make your science fair project stand out. All winners last year excelled in the
area of science and technology. Your project is not a research paper! You must be able to design and/or build a
model or perform an experiment of some kind and report your results through your
project. It must fit into the scientific method in some way and
demonstrate scientific reasoning, inquiry, and concepts. If it doesn't do this,
following all the guidelines above will not help. So, my last bit of advice to
you is this...Don't fall into the trap of doing your project the last second.
Don't do this! You must be able to plan ahead especially if you are planning an
experiment that will involve several days. In the end, how well your project is
received scientifically by the judges will weigh heavily because, SCIENCE
The Judges: Who Are They?
They are a bunch of black-cloaked old men
and women, who don't
like kids, never smile, and come out their caves once a year to judge science
fairs...LOL. Actually, the judges at Region 5 are a group of science
professionals that hail from McNeese State University, the local industries, the
Calcasieu Parish School system, the medical profession, local businesses, and government agencies.
They have given up their Saturday (day of judging) to come out and dedicate
their time to our youth and science - and for this we are eternally grateful
! Louisiana Region 5 has been conducting science fairs for 51 years! Each
year we try to recruit the best people throughout the state to judge the fair.
The LR5SEF is an event that features the best
science fair projects from grades 3-12 in a six parish area. Participants
compete with other students in their division and prizes are awarded within each
Winning at the Louisiana Region 5 Science &
Engineering Fair is a most notable distinction and can be included in a college
application in future years. The judges are all very nice and volunteer
countless hours in the field of science and science education.
Still Have Questions?
Feel free to email me or call me at anytime. I will be
happy to answer any questions you might have. Best of luck in designing your
science fair project!
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